TDS stands for Tax Deducted at Source. It is a type of indirect form of advance tax which is deducted from the earnings of Individual or organization prior to the amount is credited in account. Through imposing tax on the income of individual/ organization, our government generates revenue.
Rules & regulations regarding TDS are governed by the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961. It is applicable on the income earned regularly or occasionally. It is not only limited to salary but also applicable on commission, interest, professional fees etc. As it is payable on the earnings of individual or organization therefore tax liability arise only in case when earnings takes place. TDS deduction takes place at the time when cash, cheque or credit payment is made to the payee account. TDS is payable as certain percentage of overall amount.
Advantages of TDS imposition
There are numerous advantages of Online TDS return filing. Some of them are as follows:
- It prevents tax evasion.
- Duly collection of tax and in timely manner.
- Numerous people come under the tax bracket due to TDS.
- For the government of India, TDS collection is a steady process.
TDS Return Filing
TDS return is a detail of TDS transactions made during the quarter. It is a quarterly statement which is required to be submitted with the Income tax department by the deductor. TDS return statement consist the PAN details of deductor and deductee along with the details of tax payment made to the government as well as information of TDS challan. It is mandatory for deductors to file TDS return.
TDS return filing due dates
Following are the TDS return filing due dates:
- For the 1st quarter (1st April to 30th June) – 31st July
- For the 2nd quarter (1st July to 30th September) – 31st October
- For the 3rd quarter (1st October to 31st December) – 31st January
- For the 4th quarter (1st January to 31st March) – 31st May
Provisions regarding late TDS Return Filing
As per the income tax provisions, late filing may attract penalty. There are penalty provisions regarding late filing of TDS return or when TDS return is not filed within the stipulated time as mentioned above. Fine penalty is imposed till the payment of TDS.
TDS Return Filing Forms
There are various types of TDS return filing forms and it depends upon the eligibility criteria. Every deductor has to pay the tax liability within the stipulated time and in prescribed forms.
Following are the types of TDS return filing forms on the basis of nature of income on which tax is deducted.
- Form24Q– This is for TDS deduction on salary as per section 192 of the Income Tax Act, 1962.
- Form 26Q– This is in case payments received other than salary as per section 193 and 194 of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
- Form 27Q– This is in case payment made to NRIs and foreigners other than salary as per section 200(3) of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
- Form 27EQ– This form shows the Tax Collected at Source (TCS) by the seller as per section 206C of the Income tax Act, 1961.
Forms are required to be furnished by the deductors with the Income tax Authority in due time.